Italian Trulli

Digital Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (DFHG)

This long paper presents the Digital Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (DFHG) project ( The DFHG is the digital version of the five volumes of the Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (FHG), which is the first big collection of ancient Greek historical fragments published by Karl Müller (1841-1873). The FHG is a corpus of quotations and text reuses (fragmenta) of 636 ancient Greek fragmentary historians preserved by Classical sources. Fragmentary authors date from the 6th century BC through the 7th century CE and, except for the first volume, are chronologically distributed. Fragments are numbered sequentially and arranged by works and book numbers with Latin translations, commentaries, and critical notes.

The DFHG is not a new edition of ancient Greek fragmentary historians, but a new digital resource to provide textual, philological, and computational methods for representing fragmentary authors and works in a digital environment. The reason for choosing the Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum depends not only on an interest in Greek fragmentary historiography, which provides a rich collection of complex reuses of prose texts, but also on the necessity of digitizing printed editions and preserving them as structured machine readable corpora that can be accessed for experimenting with text mining of historical languages. Moreover, the FHG is still fundamental to understand recent editions of Greek historical fragments and in particular Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker (FGrHist) by Felix Jacoby, who spent his life to change and improve the collection created by Karl Müller. Finally, the corpus of the FHG is open and big enough to perform computational experiments and obtain results.

This paper presents tools and services that have been developed by the project, not only for accessing the entire collection of the FHG, but also for providing a new model that can be applied to other collections of fragmentary authors in order to visualize and explore their complex data and connect it with external resources for further developments. The presentation is organized according to the following topics:

Further developments of the DFHG project aim at implementing named entities recognition in the texts of Greek and Latin fragmenta and in contributing to enrich the number of lemmata and inflected forms of Greek and Latin thesauri. The final goal of the project is to offer a new methodology based on digital and computational approaches to represent complex historical text reuse data. The DFHG also offers an open collection of quotations and text reuses of Greek fragmentary historians. This resource provides the community of scholars and students with machine processable data for historical and computational research.

Appendix A

  1. Berti, M. (2018). “Annotating Text Reuse within the Context: the Leipzig Open Fragmentary Texts Series (LOFTS)”. In Tischer, U., Gärtner, U. and Forst, A. (eds), Text, Kontext, Kontextualisierung. Moderne Kontextkonzepte und antike Literatur. Hildesheim, Zürich, and New York: Olms, 223-234.
  2. Berti, M. (2019). “Historical Fragmentary Texts in the Digital Age”. In Berti, M. (ed), Digital Classical Philology. Ancient Greek and Latin in the Digital Revolution. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter, 257-276. doi: 10.1515/9783110599572-015
  3. Berti, M., Almas, B. and Crane, G.R. (2016). “The Leipzig Open Fragmentary Texts Series (LOFTS)”. In Bernstein, N.W. and Coffee, N. (eds), Digital Methods and Classical Studies. DHQ Themed Issue 10(2). (accessed 13 April 2019)
  4. Berti, M., Almas, B., Dubin, D., Franzini, G., Stoyanova, S. and Crane, G.R. (2014-2015). “The Linked Fragment: TEI and the Encoding of Text Reuses of Lost Authors”. Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative 8. doi: 10.4000/jtei.1218
  5. Berti, M., Blackwell, C. W., Daniels, M., Strickland, S. and Vincent-Dobbins, K. (2016). “Documenting Homeric Text-Reuse in the Deipnosophistae of Athenaeus of Naucratis”. In Bodard, G., Broux, Y. and Tarte, S. (eds), Digital Approaches and the Ancient World. BICS Themed Issue 59(2): 121-139. doi: 10.1111/j.2041-5370.2016.12042.x
  6. Berti, M., Crane, G. R., Yousef, T., Bizzoni, Y., Boschetti, F. and Del Gratta, R. (2016). “ Ancient Greek WordNet Meets the Dynamic Lexicon: the Example of the Fragments of the Greek Historians”. In Mititelu, V.B., Forǎscu, C., Fellbaum, C. and Vossen, P. (eds), Proceedings of the Eighth Global WordNet Conference, Bucharest, Romania, January 27-30. Bucharest, 34-38.
Monica Berti (, University of Leipzig, Germany